Even farm animals deserve a decent life. If your cattle could speak to you, what would it tell you? Guess it will cry out, ‘I think I stink, please wash me’. Animal Hygiene is a health care practice that includes strategies to prevent pest, diseases and promote animal health. Do you remember when there was an outbreak of bird flu in Nigeria and even Ebola virus? We were severely warned to avoid consuming or getting in contact with poultry and any animal that could be a carrier of these diseases. Poor animal hygiene could lead to an outbreak of diseases in your farm which would further affect the demand of these animals and pose a threat to both consumers and farm staff who are likely to get infected by eating or handling infected animals.
Just like humans crave for care and attention, animals also need to be cared for to ensure their overall well-being. Unhealthy farm animals are bad for business since they spread diseases to humans and affect the environment while their productivity is drastically reduced. Little wonder why the One Health approach pays attention to relevant areas like food safety, control of zoonoses (diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans, e.g flu, rabies, Ebola virus, etc.), and combating antibiotic resistance. Animal Hygiene includes cleaning animals through various methods, giving them vaccination, washing their eating and drinking containers constantly, ensuring their shelter is clean and disinfected. At Ammani Farms, we pay attention to all our farm animals and give them the care they require. Since we rear Cattle in large numbers, we use tags to identify them and consistently wash them in a Plunge Dip containing chemicals that help in the elimination of ticks, fly and other kinds of pests.
The Plunge Dip is designed in a way that cattle are led to walk into the dip one at a time; the liquid in the dip must be high enough to reach the animal’s tail, ears and other areas where pests could hide, however, they shouldn’t also be too deep else the animals will drown. A Plunge Dip contains liquid pesticides and the exercise of immersing the animals should be done regularly, at least biweekly. Once they are out of the Plunge Dip, they should be allowed to drip off before stepping into their shed or the grazing area. Furthermore, farm animals need to receive vaccination and must be examined from time to time to quickly detect sick or infected animals. Once an animal has been confirmed sick or infected, they should be separated from the rest of the herd to prevent them from transmitting the disease to other animals or humans on the farm. To prevent scarcity and a hike in the prices of farm animals, it is necessary that farmers are conscious of their animal’s hygiene